Every other year since 1895, Venice becomes the Mecca for artists, dealers, curators and art lovers. They flock together to absorb the frankly staggering collection of contemporary art on display by the Biennale Foundation.
The 58th International Art Exhibition launched last Saturday. The Central Exhibition, curated by Ralph Rugoff, features works from 79 artists. The shows are divided into two separate locations, one at the Arsenale and one at the Central Pavilion in the Giardini; both “propositions” include works by all the participating artists.
In addition, on display are 90 national pavilions, each with its own autonomous and bespoke exhibition featuring the work of an artist or artists, commissioned to represent the host country.
The title “May you live in Interesting Times”, is an English expression that has long been erroneously cited as a Chinese curse invoking periods of uncertainty, crisis and turmoil- an apt description of our current times.
Too much art? Perhaps. With so much on display, the average visitor may feel overwhelmed; critics have certainly eluded to repetition and ennui. Despite this, it cannot be denied that some truly extraordinary installations and shows are waiting to be explored.
BEST NATIONAL PARTICIPANT
This year’s showstopper and winner of the Golden Lion for Best National Participant is the Lithuanian Pavilion. Sun & Sea (Marina) is an opera about climate change by Rugilė Barzdžiukaitė, Vaiva Grainytė, and Lina Lapelytė. The pavilion has been transformed into a pristine beach complete with all manner of sunbathers who sing continually for eight hours each day. A truly spectacular installation which is viewed from above through a hole in the floor.
Special mention in this category went to Belgium which presented animatronic figures by Jos de Gruyter and Harald Thys.
Arthur Jafa, an African American video artist and cinematographer, was awarded the prestigious Golden Lion for Best Participant in the central exhibition.
Among the special mentions in that category was Nigerian born visual and performance artist, Otobong Nkanga.
Jimmie Durham, an American sculptor, essayist and poet was awarded the Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement. Rugoff, the curator, praised the 78-year-old artist “for making art that is at once critical, humorous, and profoundly humanistic”, then added, considering Durham had his first solo show back in 1965, “we should probably be giving him two lifetime awards by this point in time.”
Honourable mention must go to Ghana’s powerful first pavilion at the biennial titled “Ghana Freedom”. Curated by Nana Oforiatta Ayim, the pavilion featured paintings by Lynette Yiadom-Boakye, films by John Akomfran, shimmering bottle top hangings and tremendous black and white portraits from the 1960’s by Felicia Abban, Ghana’s 1st professional female photographer. Housed in a structure designed by architect David Adjaye the Ghana Pavilion is a stunning amalgamation of art and architecture.
Museums and foundations in Venice also put on their biggest shows during the Biennale. If you have a spare week this summer, Venice would be the place to be.